Lexus

Lexus is the luxury vehicle division of Japanese automaker Toyota Motor Corporation. First introduced in 1989 in the USA,[1] Lexus is now sold globally and has become Japan’s largest-selling make of premium cars. The Lexus marque is marketed in over 70 countries and territories worldwide,[2] and has ranked among the ten largest Japanese global brands in market value.[3]Lexus is headquartered in Nagoya, Japan. Operational centers are located in Brussels, Belgium and Torrance, California, USA.

Lexus originated from a clandestine flagship sedan project, code-named F1, which began in 1983 and culminated in the launch of the original Lexus LS in 1989. Subsequently, the division added sedan, coupé, convertible, and SUV models. Until 2005 Lexus did not exist as a brand in its home market and all vehicles marketed internationally as Lexus from 1989-2005 were released in Japan under the Toyota marque and an equivalent model name. In 2005, a hybrid version of the RX crossover debuted, and additional hybrid models later joined the division’s lineup. In 2007, Lexus launched its own F marque performance division with the debut of the IS F sport sedan, followed by the LFA supercar in 2009.

From the start of production, Lexus vehicles have been produced in Japan, with manufacturing centered in the Chūbu and Kyūshūregions, and in particular at Toyota’s Tahara, Aichi, Chūbu and Miyata, Fukuoka, Kyūshū plants. Assembly of the first Lexus built outside the country, the Ontario, Canada–produced RX 330, began in 2003. Following a corporate reorganization from 2001 to 2005, Lexus also operates its own design, engineering, and manufacturing centers, solely responsible for the division’s vehicles.

Since the 2000s, Lexus has increased sales outside its largest market, the USA, through an ongoing global expansion. The division inaugurated dealerships in Japan’s domestic market in 2005, becoming the first Japanese premium car marque to launch in its country of origin.[4] Further debuts in Southeast Asia, Latin America, Europe, and other export regions have since followed. The division’s lineup has also been expanded to reflect regional specifications in model and powertrain configurations.

Production models

Model year introductions

  • CT: compact FWD
    • 2011 Lexus CT 200h
    • 2014 Lexus CT 200h
  • IS: compact RWD/AWD
    • 2000 Lexus IS 200/IS 300
    • 2006 Lexus IS 250/IS 250 AWD/IS 300/IS 350/IS 220d
    • 2008 Lexus IS F
    • 2010 Lexus IS 250 C/IS 300 C/IS 350 C/IS F
    • 2011 Lexus IS 200d
    • 2013 Lexus IS 250/IS 350/IS 300h
  • HS: compact FWD
    • 2010 Lexus HS 250h
    • 2013 Lexus HS 250h
  • ES: midsize FWD
    • 1990 Lexus ES 250
    • 1992 Lexus ES 300
    • 1997 Lexus ES 300
    • 2004 Lexus ES 330
    • 2007 Lexus ES 350
    • 2010 Lexus ES 240
    • 2013 Lexus ES 250/ES 300h/ES 350
  • GS: midsize RWD/AWD
    • 1993 Lexus GS 300
    • 1998 Lexus GS 300/GS 400
    • 2001 Lexus GS 430
    • 2006 Lexus GS 300/GS 300 AWD/GS 430/GS 450h
    • 2008 Lexus GS 350/GS 350 AWD/GS 460
    • 2013 Lexus GS 250/GS 350/GS 350 AWD/GS 450h
  • LS: full-size RWD/AWD
    • 1990 Lexus LS 400
    • 2001 Lexus LS 430
    • 2007 Lexus LS 460/LS 460 L
    • 2008 Lexus LS 600h/LS 600h L
    • 2009 Lexus LS 460/LS 460 AWD/LS 460 L/LS 460 L AWD
    • 2010 Lexus LS 460 SZ/Sport
    • 2013 Lexus LS 460/LS 460 AWD/LS 460 L/LS 460 L AWD/LS 600h L
  • SC: coupé/coupé convertible RWD
    • 1992 Lexus SC 300/SC 400
    • 2002 Lexus SC 430
    • 2006 Lexus SC 430
  • RC: coupé RWD
    • 2014 Lexus RC 300h/RC 350/RC F
  • LFA: exotic sports coupe RWD
    • 2011 Lexus LFA
    • 2012 Lexus LFA Nürburgring Package
  • RX: midsize crossover FWD/AWD
    • 1999 Lexus RX 300
    • 2004 Lexus RX 330
    • 2006 Lexus RX 400h
    • 2007 Lexus RX 350
    • 2010 Lexus RX 350/RX 450h
    • 2011 Lexus RX 270
    • 2013 Lexus RX 270/RX 350/RX 450h
  • GX: midsize sport utility vehicle AWD
    • 2003 Lexus GX 470
    • 2011 Lexus GX 460
    • 2014 Lexus GX 460
  • LX: full-size sport utility vehicle AWD
    • 1997 Lexus LX 450
    • 1999 Lexus LX 470
    • 2008 Lexus LX 570
    • 2013 Lexus LX 570

F Sport models

  • CT F Sport
    • 2011 Lexus CT 200h F Sport
    • 2014 Lexus CT 200h F Sport
  • IS F Sport
    • 2011 Lexus IS 250/350/200d/250 C/350 C F Sport
    • 2013 Lexus IS 250/300h/350 F Sport
  • GS F Sport
    • 2013 Lexus GS 350 F Sport
    • 2013 Lexus GS 450h F Sport
  • LS F Sport
    • 2013 Lexus LS 460 F Sport
    • 2013 Lexus LS 600h F Sport
  • RX F Sport
    • 2013 Lexus RX 350 F Sport
    • 2013 Lexus RX 450h F Sport

Special editions

  • IS: compact RWD/AWD
    • 2003 SportDesign IS 300
    • 2007 Limited Edition IS 250 X
    • 2007 Neiman Marcus Edition IS F
    • 2007 “Elegant White” IS 250/350
    • 2009 Special Edition IS 250 SR
    • 2009 “Red-edge Black” IS 250/350
    • 2009 “Blazing Terracotta” IS F
    • 2010 “X-Edition” IS 250
    • 2010 IS 350 C F Sport Special Edition
    • 2011 Stone Works “Sunrise” IS 250
  • ES: midsize FWD
    • 1996 Coach Edition ES 300
    • 1999 Coach Edition ES 300
    • 2000 Platinum Edition ES 300
    • 2004 SportDesign ES 330
    • 2005 Black Diamond Edition ES 330
    • 2009 Pebble Beach Edition ES 350
  • GS: midsize RWD/AWD
    • 2000 Platinum Series GS 300/400
    • 2001 SportDesign GS 300
    • 2007 Neiman Marcus Edition GS 450h
    • 2009 “Passionate Black” GS 350/460/450h
    • 2009 “Meteor Black” GS 350/460
    • 2011 Stone Works “Sunset” GS 350
  • LS: full-size RWD/AWD
    • 1997 Coach Edition LS 400
    • 2000 Platinum Series LS 400
    • 2007 Neiman Marcus Launch Edition LS 600h L
    • 2009 Pebble Beach Edition LS 600h L
  • SC: coupé/coupé convertible RWD
    • 2004 Pebble Beach Edition SC 430
    • 2005 Pebble Beach Edition SC 430
    • 2006 Pebble Beach Edition SC 430
    • 2007, 2008, 2009 Pebble Beach SC 430
    • 2010 “Eternal Jewel” SC 430
  • LFA: exotic sports coupe RWD
    • 2012 LFA Special Edition
  • RX: midsize crossover SUV
    • 2001 SilverSport Special Edition RX 300
    • 2002 Coach Edition RX 300
    • 2005 Thundercloud Edition RX 330
    • 2009 Pebble Beach Edition RX 350
    • 2011 Stone Works “Sunlight” RX 350
  • LX: full-size sport utility vehicle
    • 2007 Limited Edition LX 470