Mitsubishi

Mitsubishi Motors Corporation is a multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Japan. In 2011, Mitsubishi Motors was the sixth biggest Japanese automaker and the sixteenth biggest worldwide by production. In 2016 Mitsubishi was purchased by Nissan and now is part of the Alliance Group, which incompasas Nissan, Renault, Mitsubishi which now makes The Alliance the world’s largest vehicle manufacturer.

History

Mitsubishi’s automotive origins date back to 1917, when the Mitsubishi Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. introduced the Mitsubishi Model A, Japan’s first series-production automobile. An entirely hand-built seven-seater sedan based on the Fiat Tipo 3, it proved expensive compared to its American and European mass-produced rivals, and was discontinued in 1921 after only 22 had been built.

performance sports car manufactured by Mitsubishi Motors that is based on the normal Lancer. There have been ten official versions to date, and the designation of each model is most commonly a Roman numeral. All use two litre, turbocharged engines and all-wheel drive systems.[2]

The Evolution was originally intended only for Japanese markets, but demand on the “grey import” market led the Evolution series to be offered through Ralliart dealer networks in the United Kingdom and in various European markets from around 1998. Mitsubishi decided to export the eighth generation Evolution to the United States in 2003 after witnessing the success Subaru had in that market with their long-time direct rival, the Subaru Impreza WRX STi.

Japanese-spec cars were limited by a gentlemen’s agreement to advertise no more than 280 PS (206 kW; 276 hp), a mark already reached by Evolution IV. Therefore, each subsequent version has unofficially evolved above the advertised power figures, with the Japanese-spec Evolution IX reaching an alleged output of around 321 PS (236 kW; 317 hp). Various versions available in other markets, particularly the UK, have official power outputs up to 446 PS (328 kW; 440 hp).

The tenth generation of the Lancer Evolution was launched in Japan 2007, and overseas markets in 2008.

Post-war era

Immediately following the end of the Second World War, the company returned to manufacturing vehicles. Fuso bus production resumed, while a small three-wheeled cargo vehicle called the Mizushima and a scooter called the Silver Pigeon were also developed. However, the zaibatsu (Japan’s family-controlled industrial conglomerates) were ordered to be dismantled by the Allied powers in 1950, and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries was split into three regional companies, each with an involvement in motor vehicle development: West Japan Heavy-Industries, Central Japan Heavy-Industries, and East Japan Heavy-Industries.

East Japan Heavy-Industries began importing the Henry J, an inexpensive American sedan built by Kaiser Motors, in knockdown kit (CKD) form in 1951, and continued to bring them to Japan for the remainder of the car’s three-year production run. The same year, Central Japan Heavy-Industries concluded a similar contract with Willys (now owned by Kaiser) for CKD-assembled Jeep CJ-3Bs. This deal proved more durable, with licensed Mitsubishi Jeeps in production until 1998, thirty years after Willys themselves had replaced the model.

By the beginning of the 1960s Japan’s economy was gearing up; wages were rising and the idea of family motoring was taking off. Central Japan Heavy-Industries, now known as Shin Mitsubishi Heavy-Industries, had already re-established an automotive department in its headquarters in 1953. Now it was ready to introduce the Mitsubishi 500, a mass market sedan, to meet the new demand from consumers. It followed this in 1962 with the Minica kei car and the Colt 1000, the first of its Colt line of family cars, in 1963.

West Japan Heavy-Industries (now renamed Mitsubishi Shipbuilding & Engineering) and East Japan Heavy-Industries (now Mitsubishi Nihon Heavy-Industries) had also expanded their automotive departments in the 1950s, and the three were re-integrated as Mitsubishi Heavy Industries in 1964. Within three years its output was over 75,000 vehicles annually. Following the successful introduction of the first Galant in 1969 and similar growth with its commercial vehicle division, it was decided that the company should create a single operation to focus on the automotive industry. Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (MMC) was formed on April 22, 1970 as a wholly owned subsidiary of MHI under the leadership of Tomio Kubo, a successful engineer from the aircraft division.

The logo of three red diamonds, shared with over forty other companies within the keiretsu, predates Mitsubishi Motors itself by almost a century. It was chosen by Iwasaki Yatarō, the founder of Mitsubishi, as it was suggestive of the emblem of the Tosa Clan who first employed him, and because his own family crest was three rhombuses stacked atop each other. The name Mitsubishi is a portmanteau of mitsu (“three”) and hishi (literally, “water chestnut”, often used in Japanese to denote a diamond or rhombus)

  • Mitsubishi 3000GT
  • Mitsubishi 360
  • Mitsubishi 380
  • Mitsubishi 500

A

  • Mitsubishi Adventure
  • Mitsubishi Airtrek
  • Mitsubishi Aspire
  • Mitsubishi Attrage

C

  • Mitsubishi Carisma
  • Mitsubishi Celeste
  • Mitsubishi Challenger
  • Mitsubishi Champ
  • Mitsubishi Chariot
  • Chrysler Regal
  • Mitsubishi Colt
  • Mitsubishi Colt 1000
  • Mitsubishi Colt 11-F
  • Mitsubishi Colt 1100
  • Mitsubishi Colt 1100F
  • Mitsubishi Colt 1200
  • Mitsubishi Colt 1500
  • Mitsubishi Colt 600
  • Mitsubishi Colt 800
  • Mitsubishi Colt Bakkie
  • Mitsubishi Colt Galant
  • Mitsubishi Colt Rodeo
  • Mitsubishi Colt T120SS
  • Mitsubishi Cordia

D

  • Mitsubishi Debonair
  • Mitsubishi Delica
  • Mitsubishi Diamante
  • Mitsubishi Dignity
  • Mitsubishi Dingo
  • Mitsubishi Dion

E

  • Mitsubishi Eclipse
  • Mitsubishi eK
  • Mitsubishi Emeraude
  • Mitsubishi Endeavor
  • Mitsubishi Eterna
  • Mitsubishi Expo
  • Mitsubishi Expo LRV

F

  • Mitsubishi Forte
  • Mitsubishi Freeca
  • Mitsubishi FTO

F cont.

  • Mitsubishi Fuzion

G

  • Mitsubishi G-Wagon
  • Mitsubishi Galant
  • Mitsubishi Galant Fortis
  • Mitsubishi Galant FTO
  • Mitsubishi Galant GTO
  • Mitsubishi Galant Lambda
  • Mitsubishi Galant VR-4
  • Mitsubishi Go
  • Mitsubishi Grandis
  • Mitsubishi Grunder
  • Mitsubishi GTO

H

  • Mitsubishi Henry J

I

  • Mitsubishi i
  • Mitsubishi i-MiEV

J

  • Mitsubishi Jeep
  • Mitsubishi Jolie

K

  • Mitsubishi Kuda

L

  • Mitsubishi L100
  • Mitsubishi L200
  • Mitsubishi L300
  • Mitsubishi Lancer
  • Mitsubishi Lancer Celeste
  • Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution
  • Mitsubishi Lancer WRC
  • Mitsubishi Legnum
  • Mitsubishi Leo
  • Mitsubishi Lettuce
  • Mitsubishi Libero

M

  • Mitsubishi Magna
  • Mitsubishi Magnum
  • Mitsubishi Maven
  • Mitsubishi Mighty Max
  • Mitsubishi Minica
  • Mitsubishi Minicab
  • Mitsubishi Mirage
  • Mitsubishi Lancer (A70)
  • Mitsubishi Mizushima
  • Mitsubishi Model A
  • Mitsubishi Montero
  • Mitsubishi Montero iO
  • Mitsubishi Montero Sport

N

  • Mitsubishi Nativa
  • Mitsubishi Nimbus

O

  • Mitsubishi Outlander
  • Mitsubishi Outlander Sport

P

  • Mitsubishi Pajero
  • Mitsubishi Pajero iO
  • Mitsubishi Pajero Junior
  • Mitsubishi Pajero Mini
  • Mitsubishi Pajero Pinin
  • Mitsubishi Pajero Sport
  • Mitsubishi Pajero TR4
  • Mitsubishi Pinin
  • Mitsubishi Pistachio
  • Mitsubishi Precis
  • Mitsubishi Proudia

R

  • Mitsubishi Racing Lancer
  • Mitsubishi Raider
  • Mitsubishi Rodeo
  • Mitsubishi RVR

S

  • Mitsubishi Sapporo
  • Mitsubishi Savrin
  • Mitsubishi Scorpion
  • Mitsubishi Shogun
  • Mitsubishi Shogun Pinin
  • Mitsubishi Shogun Sport
  • Mitsubishi Sigma
  • Mitsubishi Space Gear
  • Mitsubishi Space Runner
  • Mitsubishi Space Star
  • Mitsubishi Sportero
  • Mitsubishi Starion
  • Mitsubishi Storm
  • Mitsubishi Strada

T

  • Mitsubishi Toppo
  • Mitsubishi Town Bee
  • Mitsubishi Town Box
  • Mitsubishi Towny
  • Mitsubishi Tredia
  • Mitsubishi Triton
  • Mitsubishi Type 73 Light Truck

V

  • Mitsubishi V3000
  • Mitsubishi Verada

W

  • Mitsubishi Warrior

Z

  • Mitsubishi Zinger

Mitsubishi EVO Special Vehicles

  • 1 Evolution I
  • 2 Evolution II
  • 3 Evolution III
  • 4 Evolution IV
  • 5 Evolution V
  • 6 Evolution VI
  • 7 Evolution VII
  • 8 Evolution VIII
  • 9 Evolution IX
  • 10 Evolution X
    • 10.1 Japanese models
    • 10.2 North American models
    • 10.3 UK models
    • 10.4 European models
    • 10.5 Australian / New Zealand models
    • 10.6 Southeast Asian models
      • 10.6.1 Philippine models
      • 10.6.2 Malaysian models
  • 11 Future
  • 12 Motorsports
  • 13 Awards
  • 14 References
  • 15 External links

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